Controlled doping of carbon nanotubes with metallocenes for application in hybrid carbon nanotube/Si solar cells

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Nano LettNano Lett, Volume 14, Number 6, p.3388-94 (2014)


1530-6992 (Electronic)<br/>1530-6984 (Linking)

Accession Number:



<p>There is considerable interest in the controlled p-type and n-type doping of carbon nanotubes (CNT) for use in a range of important electronics applications, including the development of hybrid CNT/silicon (Si) photovoltaic devices. Here, we demonstrate that easy to handle metallocenes and related complexes can be used to both p-type and n-type dope single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) thin films, using a simple spin coating process. We report n-SWNT/p-Si photovoltaic devices that are &gt;450 times more efficient than the best solar cells of this type currently reported and show that the performance of both our n-SWNT/p-Si and p-SWNT/n-Si devices is related to the doping level of the SWNT. Furthermore, we establish that the electronic structure of the metallocene or related molecule can be correlated to the doping level of the SWNT, which may provide the foundation for controlled doping of SWNT thin films in the future.</p>


Li, Xiaokai<br/>Guard, Louise M<br/>Jiang, Jie<br/>Sakimoto, Kelsey<br/>Huang, Jing-Shun<br/>Wu, Jianguo<br/>Li, Jinyang<br/>Yu, Lianqing<br/>Pokhrel, Ravi<br/>Brudvig, Gary W<br/>Ismail-Beigi, Sohrab<br/>Hazari, Nilay<br/>Taylor, Andre D<br/>eng<br/>Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't<br/>Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.<br/>2014/05/02 06:00<br/>Nano Lett. 2014 Jun 11;14(6):3388-94. doi: 10.1021/nl500894h. Epub 2014 May 13.